Flowerdale Nursery  & Landscaping
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Flowerdale Nursery & Landscaping
                 Figs

Figs are sub tropical fruit trees in their own plant family, the Moraceae. These trees come from the Mediterranean region & parts of Asia. They are deciduous trees that perform best in sunny warm summer / mild winter climates. These fruit are prized for their delicious flesh & there contribution to a healthy diet.  Many figs (if not all commercial plants) are grafted. Varieties that produce choice fruit are grafted onto rootstocks that are resistant to disease. Care must be taken to quickly remove any foliage or branches that sprout below the graft union (the place where the Upper portion of the plant is grafted onto the lower portion).  Fig trees are not recommended for containers as the extensive roots system needed to produce quantity & quality fruit cannot be easily achieved.  Figs have a shallow but extensive root system that is relatively hungry.

What Figs Like

Exposure:  Figs demand full sun, in order to produce good quality fruit.  Figs tolerate hot windy exposed conditions & slopes.  Figs are fairly hardy plants tolerating extremes of hot & cold.  Figs grow well in Southern California in USDA zones 7 & 10 as well as Sunset zones 11 through 24.

Soil:  Figs can grow in relatively poor soil. This is achieved because the plants are shallow rooted & nutrients can be absorbed quickly.  As with all fruit trees the addition of Bumper Crop soil builder to the soil makes a big difference on improving the quantity & quality of fruit.

Irrigation: In most of Orange County established Fig trees need watering two to three times a month (March through October). In the winter, water once a month only if rains fail. Established fig trees tolerate drought well.

Diet: Fertilize with organic granular fertilizers.  We recommend Dr. Earth Organic Fruit Tree Fertilizer. 

Pruning: Figs must be trained so that they conform to an architecture that promotes health & vigor. It is best to prune figs when they are leafless in winter. We want a tree with an open structure with a dense canopy of foliage but an uncluttered crown of branches. Remove all dead & crossing branches whenever noticed. Protect the graft union & remove any suckers that sprout below it.

Harvesting:  Harvest fruit when they are slightly soft & have achieved their “full color”. Figs are best harvested fresh & ripe from the tree. The fruit should be easily removed from the stem when ripe & be slightly soft.

Varieties

Black Mission The most popular fig. Medium to large, pear shaped. Purplish-black colored skin. Flesh strawberry color and good flavor.

Brown Turkey Medium to large, bell shaped. Purplish-brown skin with light strawberry flesh. Sweet best eaten fresh.

Celestial Small to medium. Violet to purplish-brown colored skin. Flesh white, shading to rose at center. Firm, juicy, sweetest of all figs. Excellent quality. Likes moderate coastal climate.

Italian Large,  reddish-brown skin. Flesh pink, sweet. Very prolific bearer.

Osborne Prolific Large, greenish-brown skin. White to amber flesh, sweet wonderfully rich flavor. Bears well in Orange County. Heavy producer.

Peter’s Honey Light yellow-green fruit with outstanding sweet dark amber flesh. Brought from Sicily.

White Genoa Large, yellow-green skin. Yellow to light strawberry flesh, few seeds. Good for coast.

White Kadota Medium, lemon yellow skin. Amber flesh with few seeds. Very sweet.

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(714)633-9200

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