Flowerdale Nursery  & Landscaping
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Flowerdale Nursery & Landscaping

Guavas



Guavas
are tropical fruit trees that are native to a large area from Mexico to South America. Guavas are so popular in the tropics & subtropics that dozens of varieties exist from all over the world. Guavas are easy to grow & are very adaptable. Guavas are comparable to Citrus in their cultural demands. Guavas & extremely nutritious & the juice is prized. These tough plants are perfect candidates for growing in containers. There are three types of Guavas:

Tropical Guavas- are known scientifically as Psidium guajava they are the best tasting with the largest fruit with the most juice. These are the most frost tender Guavas. Tropical Guavas grow up to 10 to 15 feet high & wide.

Strawberry Guavas- Psidium lucidum are shrubby trees with tart but very flavorful fruit that is smaller than a Tropical Guava. Strawberry Guavas are very productive & grown 12 feet high & wide.

Pineapple Guavas- Feijoa sellowiana is a South American plants are related to other Guavas. Their fruit is tangy with a citrus flavor. This is the most frost tolerant variety. Pineapple guavas grow to 15 feet high & wide & have wonderful gnarled trunks & make good substitutes for olive trees.

What Guavas Like

Exposure:  Guavas enjoy full sun & thrive in heat. Guavas are very tough plants that adapt to a wide variety of climates & growing conditions. Guavas will grow on steep slopes, windy areas or areas near the coast, & in large containers.  Tropical & Strawberry Guavas thrive wherever Citrus grow well.  These Guavas grow well in Sunset zones 18 through 24 (these Guavas are hardy to 25 degrees). Pineapple Guavas are much hardier to cold tolerating temperatures down to 15 degrees. Pineapple Guavas grow well in Sunset zones 7, 11 through 24. 

Soil:  Guavas grow best in loamy rich well drained soil; however they are tolerant of rocky, clay, & sandy soils. Guavas have shallow surface roots that absorb nutrients & water quickly. These trees resent being planted in saline, heavy, or poorly drained soils.  Adding a layer of organic compost, once or twice a year as mulch will also increase the soils fertility.  

Irrigation:  Guavas require infrequent deep irrigation about one to three times a month during warm weather & active growth.  Guavas are drought resistant especially in winter, during winter irrigate sparingly.  

Diet:  Feeding Guavas once a season (or once every three months) provides evenly spaced feedings that will sustain growth year round. Fertilize with organic granular fertilizers.  We recommend Dr. Earth Organic Fruit Tree Fertilizer. 

Pruning: Guavas need little pruning, they are tame & stay somewhat small in Southern California. Remove all dead & crossing branches whenever noticed. Dwarf & container grown trees benefit from being staked.  It is beneficial to keep the branches off the ground & away from fences or buildings. This helps prevent fruit rats from easily gaining access to the trees canopy. Care must be taken to quickly remove any foliage & branches that sprout below the graft union (the place where the fruiting upper portion of the plant is grafted onto the lower rootstock portion).

Harvesting:  Spring & summer are the peak season for the Guava fruit harvest. The fruit are ready when they turn color, become fragrant, & are slightly soft to the touch. Cu

Pollination:  Guavas are self fertile.

Frost Protection: When the temperature drops below 32 degrees but stays above 28 to 25 degrees we experience a “light” or “white” frost.  This type of frost causes superficial damage to young growth.  When the temperature drops below 28 to 25 degrees we then experience a “black” or “killing” frost.  This type of frost causes greater damage to the plant tissues.  The duration of any frost is also important to consider.  The longer the temperatures are below freezing the greater the damage.  There are several ways to protect tropical fruit trees from frost damage: 

·         Covering your plant with a sheet or tarp-like material will provide protection from temperatures down to 20 degrees.  Note, any foliage that touches the frost barrier may be damaged.

·         Circulating the air using fans is also helpful for frost protection down to 20 degrees.

·         Believe it or not, spraying your plants with water can actually insulate the plants.  Liquid water itself will provide heat, & as water freezes into ice it gives off heat.

·         Provide some sort of external heat source.  Active sources include heaters, while passive sources absorb heat during the day & radiate it out at night.   Examples of passive heat include barrels of water, stacks of boulders, & the earth itself.  

Varieties

Strawberry Guava (Psidium lucidum) - These Guavas are hardy & adaptable evergreen shrubs or small trees. Small fruits are very juicy & flavorful. The fruit are produced over a long season August through December.

Pineapple Guava (Feijoa sellowiana) - The most cold hardy guava. Pineapple Guavas make excellent large shrubs or small trees with attractive flowers, foliage, & bark. The fruit is plentiful & tangy making excellent jellies, the flowers are also edible.

 

Beaumont- Developed on Oahu, Hawaii this Guava produces fruit prefect for juicing. Beaumont is a vigorous plant producing medium sized (8 oz) fruits with pink sweet juicy flesh. The trees are productive bearing fruit fall through winter.

China White- Producing large (up to a pound) white fleshed & green skinned fruit are very sweet & choice. The fruit can be eaten unripe & has very aromatic flesh. These Guavas are tough & vigorous producing fruit September through December.

Mexican Cream- One of the best Guavas around. This Mexican variety boasts fruit with a fine sweet spicy flavor. The 8 oz fruit have cream colored flesh & fragrant yellow skin.  The trees produce clusters of fruit during the fall & winter.

Red Malaysian- This is a unique variety of Tropical Guava that boats beautiful red tinged foliage with red fruit & pretty bright pink flowers. This Guava is attractive enough to be grown as an ornamental. Tasty fruits ripen September through December.

South African- Underappreciated this variety has an interesting flavor & texture.  Bearing delicious cream skinned pink fleshed fruit that boast a mild flavor. This variety has flesh that can be eaten when still crisp. Fruit ripen in autumn.

White Indian- From Florida, this popular large white Guava has fruit grow up to a pound. The flavor is excellent & the fruit can be eaten slightly unripe. White Indian Guavas produces fruit sporadically September through December.

 
Call for availability!

 

 

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