Flowerdale Nursery  & Landscaping
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Flowerdale Nursery & Landscaping

Peaches 

Peaches are one of the most popular fruit trees for back yard orchards.  These fruits are in the rose family (Roseaceae) & are native to central Asia. These fruits are called stone fruits because they have a single large hard seed in the middle of a fleshy fruit. Just like all stone fruits Peaches need winter cold to set fruit properly. This could be a problem in our mild SoCal gardens, providing this winter chill is our main concern.  Selecting a variety that has a low chill requirement (400 hours or less) is crucial to obtaining a quality crop.  Peaches love heat & become sweetest where summers are hot. Most Peaches are self fertile. Peaches are vigorous trees that respond well to pruning. They also produce large amounts of fruit to the point of excess. Thinning out half of the fruit allows the remaining to grow large & choice. Most, if not all, quality Peaches are grafted to increase tolerance to diseases & widen the range of growing conditions & increase their resistance to pest & diseases. 

What Peaches Like

Exposure:  Peaches prefer to grow in full sun all day. They can tolerate hot or windy sites. Peaches do not respond well to being planted in gardens near the coast. Peaches can be grown on steep slopes provided they receive adequate water & nutrition.  The colder the winters the better for inducing a quality crop in Southern California.

 Soil:  Peaches can be grown in areas with surprisingly poor soil. However they grow better in soils amended with compost so add organic compost once or twice a year 2 to 8 inches thick as mulch.

Irrigation:  Peaches require infrequent deep irrigation (about once a week to once every two weeks) only during active growth. In the winter (October through February) irrigate once a month only if rains fail.

Diet: Feed Peach trees once every three months. Fertilize with organic granular fertilizers.  We recommend Dr. Earth Organic Fruit Tree Fertilizer. 

 Pruning: Peaches must be trained so that they conform to an architecture that promotes health & vigor. We want a tree with an open structure with a dense canopy of foliage but an uncluttered crown of branches. Remove all dead & crossing branches whenever noticed. Protect the graft union & remove any suckers that sprout below it.  It’s best to prune peach trees when the foliage is absent during the winter. Also it is advised to keep peach trees shorter than 15 feet as to make harvesting easier.

Harvesting:  Harvest fruit when they have achieved their “full color”. Peaches are best picked ripe. Trees may produce poorly if the flowers are damaged while in bloom. The fruit should be easily removed from the stem when ripe & be slightly soft.

Varieties

SANTA BARBARA- The low chill requirements of this selection make it suitable for warmer climates. Large freestone fruit has yellow skin with a red blush. Soft, yellow flesh is very sweet and tasty. This self-fertile selection ripens in mid-July. Tree needs approximately 250-350 chill hours.

TROPIC SNOW- The low chill requirements of this selection make it suitable for warmer climates. Medium to large size freestone fruit has white skin with a slight blush. Flesh has a superb lemon-peach flavor and is colored white. This self-fertile selection ripens in late April. Tree needs approximately 200-250 chill hours

DESERT GOLD- Low chill requirements of this selection make it suitable for warmer climates. Medium size semi-freestone fruit has red skin with a red tinge. Firm, yellow flesh has good flavor and great sweetness. This self-fertile selection ripens very early, late April to May. Tree needs approximately 250-350 chill hours

BONANZA- This dwarf peach, reaching only 4-6' high, has low chill requirements making it suitable for warmer climates. Large freestone fruit has yellow skin with a slight red blush. Yellow flesh is mildly sweet in taste with a strong aroma. Tree has large, pink flowers that are very showy in the spring. This self-fertile selection ripens late June to July. Tree needs approximately 250-350 chill hours

EARLYGRANDE- This is a low chill peach. Large clingstone fruit has yellow skin with a light red blush. Flesh is firm, has a fine texture, and is golden yellow in color. This self-fertile selection ripens early, 55 days before 'Elberta'. Tree needs approximately 250-300 chill hours

FLORDAPRINCE- This Medium to large size semi-freestone peach is yellow in color with light red striping. Flesh is yellow in color with a mild taste. This self-fertile selection ripens in late April. Tree needs approximately 150-200 chill hours.

RED BARON- a patented variety of unsurpassed excellence. Not only is the fruit a large, beautiful red, but the tree itself is prized for its large double red blossoms that cover the tree for several weeks in early spring. These delicious 3" diameter fruits ripen over an extended period of time from mid-July to mid-August, and require a low 250 chill hours.

 

 

 

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