Flowerdale Nursery  & Landscaping
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Flowerdale Nursery & Landscaping

Pears

Pears belong to the rose family (Roseaceae) they are rightly classified as a deciduous fruit tree losing their foliage each winter. They are closely related to Apples & like them need winter cold to set fruit properly. This could be a problem in our mild So Cal gardens so providing winter chill is a concern.  Selecting a variety that has a low chill requirement (400 hours or less) is crucial to obtaining a quality pear crop.  Some Pears require a pollinator (another Pear tree) in order to yield high amounts of fruit.  Pears are somewhat slow growing & respond well to pruning & shaping. They are easily trained to grow in small spaces.  Pears come from inland areas of Europe & Central Asia.  Most, if not all, quality apples are grafted to increase tolerance to diseases & widen the range of growing conditions & increase their resistance to pest & diseases.  Pears do poorly in containers. Prune when the foliage has fallen off the tree. Many Pears (if not all commercial plants) are grafted. Varieties that produce choice fruit are grafted onto rootstocks that are resistant to disease. The colder the winter the better the fruit set for many Pears in Southern California.

What Pears Like

Exposure:  Pears prefer to grow in full sun for at least 4 hours a day. They can tolerate windy conditions, however, they donot respond well to being planted in overly hot climates.

 Soil:  Pears grow best in loamy soils. Growing better in soils amended with compost so add organic compost as mulch once or twice a year 2 to 8 inches thick.  These trees do poorly in heavy saline soils.

Irrigation:  Pears require infrequent deep irrigation (about once a week to once every two weeks) only during active growth. In the winter (October through February) irrigate once a month only if rains fail.

Diet: Feeding Pear trees once a season (or once every three months)  provides evenly spaced feedings that will sustain growth year round. Fertilize with organic granular fertilizers.  We recommend Dr. Earth Organic Fruit Tree Fertilizer. 

Pruning:   Pears must be trained so that they conform to an architecture that promotes health & vigor. Only prune when the fruit are present. We want a tree with an open structure with a dense canopy of foliage but an uncluttered crown of branches. Remove all dead & crossing branches whenever noticed. Protect the graft union & remove any suckers that sprout below it.  It’s best to prune apple trees when the foliage is absent during the winter. Also it is advised to keep apple trees shorter than 15 feet to make harvesting easy.

 Harvesting:  Harvest fruit when they have achieved their “full color”.  Pears have some ability to further ripen once picked off the tree, however they are best picked ripe.  Pear trees may produce poorly if the flowers are damaged while in bloom. The fruit should be easily removed from the stem when ripe.


Varieties

Comice- Large, roundish. Green-yellow skin with red blush. Rich, sweet, creamy flesh. Self-fertile. Ripens: August

Hood- Large. Smooth, yellow-green skin. Buttery textured flesh. Has a sweet, mild, pear flavor. Ripens: Mid to Late July

 

 

 

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